The Hippocratic Oath (original)

"I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepius and Hygeia and
Panaceia and all the gods and goddesses, making them my
witnesses, that I will fulfill according to my ability and
judgment this oath and this covenant:

To hold him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents
and to live my life in partnership with him, and if he is in need
of money to give him a share of mine, and to regard his
offspring as equal to my brothers in male lineage and to teach
them this art - if they desire to learn it - without fee and
covenant; to give a share of precepts and oral instruction and
all the other learning to my sons and to the sons of him who
has instructed me and to pupils who have signed the covenant
and have taken an oath according to the medical law, but no
one else.

I will apply dietetic measures for the benefit of the sick
according to my ability and judgment; I will keep them from
harm and injustice.

I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it,
nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not
give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I
will guard my life and my art.

I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but
will withdraw in favor of such men as are engaged in this

Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit of the
sick, remaining free of all intentional injustice, of all mischief
and in particular of sexual relations with both female and male
persons, be they free or slaves.

What I may see or hear in the course of the treatment or even
outside of the treatment in regard to the life of men, which on
no account one must spread abroad, I will keep to myself,
holding such things shameful to be spoken about.

If I fulfill this oath and do not violate it, may it be granted to
me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame among all
men for all time to come; if I transgress it and swear falsely,
may the opposite of all this be my lot."
Hippocratic Oath-Modern Version
Written in 1964 by Louis Lasagna, Academic Dean of the School of Medicine at
Tufts University, and used in many medical schools today.

"I swear to fulfill, to the best of my ability and judgment, this covenant:

I will respect the hard-won scientific gains of those physicians in whose
steps I walk, and gladly share such knowledge as is mine with those who
are to follow.

I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures [that] are required,
avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment and therapeutic nihilism.

I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that
warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon's knife
or the chemist's drug.

I will not be ashamed to say "I know not," nor will I fail to call in my
colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient's recovery.

I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not
disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must I tread
with care in matters of life and death. If it is given me to save a life, all
thanks. But it may also be within my power to take a life; this awesome
responsibility must be faced with great humbleness and awareness of my
own frailty. Above all, I must not play at God.

I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerous growth, but a
sick human being, whose illness may affect the person's family and
economic stability. My responsibility includes these related problems, if I
am to care adequately for the sick.

I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure.

I will remember that I remain a member of society, with special
obligations to all my fellow human beings, those sound of mind and body
as well as the infirm.

If I do not violate this oath, may I enjoy life and art, respected while I live
and remembered with affection thereafter. May I always act so as to
preserve the finest traditions of my calling and may I long experience the
joy of healing those who seek my help."

Hippocratic Oath
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Applied Electronic to Well-Being
[ Introduction ] > [ Iatrogenic Deaths ] > [ Hippocrate ]